Immunization Programme

Tamil Nadu started Immunization programme against these six Vaccine Preventable Diseases during 1978. In order to strengthen the Programme, Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) was launched during 1985 with the aim of achieving 100 % coverage of Infants and Pregnant women.

Annually, around 12.0 pregnant women and 11.0 lakhs infants are being targeted under Immunization programme. The State has reported more than 95 % coverage over the years.


Vaccine 2013-14 2014-15*
Target Achievement % Target Achievement 94
TTM 11.52 11.1 96 11.36 10.73 94
Pentavalent 10.48 10.26 98 10.31 9.97 96
POLIO 10.48 10.3 98 10.31 10 96
BCG 10.48 10.19 97 10.31 9.77 94
MEASLES 10.48 10.3 98 10.31 10.06 97
JE 3.21 3.25 101 3.91 3.67 94

* upto March 2015

Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI)

Pulse Polio Immunization campaign was introduced in the year 1995-96. The State had so far conducted 19 series of Pulse Polio Immunization campaign covering 70 lakhs Children under the age of 5 years by administering 2 doses of Oral Polio Vaccine in each round. During 2015, two rounds of pulse polio immunization campaigns have been conducted on 18-01-2015 and 22-02-2015 as part of the Nationwide Intensified Pulse Polio Immunization campaign in order to prevent the importation of polio virus and to sustain the zero polio status.

JE Vaccination

JE vaccination is implemented in selected endemic districts viz., Cuddalore, Villupuram, Virudhunagar, Madurai, Thiruvarur, Trichy, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Thanjavur, Tiruvannamalai, Pudukottai, Karur and Tiruvallur to prevent Japanese Encephalitis.

Pentavalent with new Hib Vaccine

Being a good performing States, GoI have selected Tamil Nadu to implement Pentavalent vaccination. The programme has been implemented from 21-12-2011.

Pentavalent vaccine consisting of DPT, Hepatitis B and Hib is now implemented in all districts which will replace the Hepatitis-B and DPT primary vaccinations besides the new addition of Hib (Haemophilus influn type B). The newly added Hib will prevent serious disease like pneumonia and meningitis. The main advantages of giving Pentavalent vaccination to the children are (1) Protection against 5 life threatening disease. (2) Number of pricks reduced to a child.

Immunization Special Campaign 2015

The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) GoI, launched Mission Indradhanush in December 2014 to achieve more than 90% full immunization coverage in the country by 2020(from 65% to 90%). A special drive to vaccinate all unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children below 2 year and Pregnant Women under UIP. The government has identified 201 high focus districts across the country that have nearly 50% of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children in the country.

In Tamilnadu, the following 8 districts Coimbatore, Kancheepuram, Madurai, Thiruchirapalli, Thirunelveli, Thiruvallur, Vellore and Virudhunagar were identified in the first phase. In the second phase, another 16 Health Unit Districts were being included viz. Nilgiris, Tiruppur, Namakkal, Erode, Karur, Salem, Chennai Corporation, hill areas of districts and urban slum areas of all corporations viz. Dindigul, Palani, Thanjavur, Tuticorin, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Tiruvannamalai, Theni and Kallakurichi.

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